Friday, 6 December 2013

Mandela, A Gandhi Who Could Fight. Nation Building Lessons For India

Mandela did not take the easy way out, unlike the way Gandhi did, during India’s freedom struggle, ending in the abrupt scuttle by the British Empire and its bankruptcy.

The Mandela struggle was harder but he was Gandhi and Patel together. He could unify, he could reconcile but he could fight too.

Erstwhile colonies take a long time to remove the shackles of mental slavery, it is here, that India needs to emulate lessons of this great man, Mandela, and the experience of South Africa.

In a post Independence, post Partition India. We remain a nation that has sat on its laurels, a nation that needs to be built yet.

Mandela showed us a mirror in his face. In his passing, a reminder of not taking freedom for granted. India needs an army of Mandela's.

Saturday, 26 October 2013

India Population and Army, Demoralised, Bled by Peaceniks

The Hype Cycle

The last few weeks have seen both the Line of Control (LoC), and now the International Border (IB), witness small arms, automatic fire, as well as Mortar Bomb use. Casualties have included civilians, with a fear psychosis setting in, into the civilian population.

These incidents have drawn no reaction from the often ridiculed, geriatric Indian establishment led by a shamelessly, silent Prime Minister.

A grandstanding usually vociferous and visible NSA, is again conspicious by his silence over the active LoC and IB, as well as civilian casualties. The NSA, a bureaucrat without any background in security, but who for all practical purposes, it seems has usurped both Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) led Foreign Policy mandate, as well as the MoD counsel.

This is in addition to Intelligence coordination and god knows what else, given the kingdom building and cults, we see in the Indian bureaucratic lexicon.

In all this palace intrigue, the Military man in uniform has no direct access to the Prime Minister, who in any case is busy traipsing around the world striking imaginary treaties and deals. A man living a schizoid life gathering air miles, with  abject self congratulation, as the world sniggers at India.

The MSM entourage that flies on Air India One, faithfully carries water for the courtesan establishment. The junket reports are filed, so thick with regurgitated bullshit, that it is hard to read between the lines.

The tune of rhetoric both from the PMO, the vociferously grandstanding NSA, the MHA, the MEA, and generally the Congress led UPA Cabinet and its coalition partner NC, has lately turned from arrogant bluster, to stoic defence, to a sheer bleating panic.

As lead, shrapnel and bodies collide on the LoC and IB, in pools of blood, and the reek of cordite, and entire villages are evacuated, and talk of impending war looms thick in the air, rhetoric meets reality.

Impact on Border Populations

Beyond the who said what, beyond the mainstream media (MSM) hype cycle, there are a few hard realities that need to be understood:

There are significant populations on the LoC and IB, that are becoming casualties in this sporadic but daily barrage: Women, children, cattle, standing crops.

The man who's bleeding is asking why he's being hit? Why his wife, child and cattle are in peril of injury and death. Why he suddenly can't gather herbs, or graze his livestock after 10 years of peace on the fence. His crop needs harvesting but he can't go to his field. India let him down!

It let him down. Diplomatically, Militarily, in Intelligence terms, it failed to justify the salaries and perks, the common man pays, for policy making, for Security, and for Governance!

Subjugation of the Military: Status, Equivalence, Equipment & Pay, Manufactured Distrust, and Twin Command Dichotomy

There is a divided discourse emanating from a divided Indian establishment, with a twin command structure, owing to an insidious insecurity in the minds of politicians, wilfully perpetrated by a bureaucracy feeding off fear-arbitrage .

This canard with no basis in reality or empirical evidence, propagated from Indian Independence was first created during the infamous days of Krishna Menon and Nehru. The fear of the Army coup, the bureaucracy created bogeyman, lead to Indian debacle in 1962. Today, this turf warfare perfidy continues!

On the one hand, there is the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) controlled BSF, ITBP, CRPF, etc, on the IB, elsewhere in IS roles.

The patron Minister known for his less than cerebral comments, with great fanfare announced the grant of the same retirement status to Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), as the Indian Armed Forces (AF).

Predictably this has gone down badly with the AFs! This unmindful of the service conditions of the AF, their skills, special military ethos, requiring draconian command and control. Ironically, the Minister who vowed stern action against Pakistan, shied away from visiting any border posts!

The AF, see frequent misuse as aid to civil authority when all other Police, CAPFs, fail, in Internal Security roles (IS), like the sporadic but frequent Hindu and Muslim Riots.

The AF are the default deputation Command of all Anti-Insurgency outfits like Assam Rifles, as the Counter-Terrorism business backbone of NSG (SAG), as cyberwar specialists in NTRO, and despite NDMA creation, the AF remain the Natural Disaster saviour in floods, avalanche, cyclone, and finally as guarantor of essential services during industrial action.

Contrast this with the silent Ministry of Defence (MoD) led by its patron Minister, AK Antony. Now known derisively as the Saint for an ability to procrastinate, pontificate and shield the civilian bureaucracy, while being oblivious to regular media leaks, ironically of information sourced from the AF.

The same information that is, of course fastidiously denied to the Parliament or through the Right to Information (RTI) Law.

Leaked secret information that violates the Official Secrets Act, channeled through unscrupulous pet media, employed to fix Arms vendors, and provoke witchhunts against the AF, and in no small measures to fix serving or retired officers, who may not be in the charmed political circles, or of the geography, caste, language, religion, subnationalism idiosyncrasy of the political masters.

Demoralisation of Armed Forces

The demoralisation of the AF, due to an active animosity by the MoD minister and bureaucracy, and differences in status, equivalence, benefits with lesser private  armies of MHA is one dangerous subtext.

There is a perception in the AF that MHA troopers and CAPFs get more for doing less. Even the quality of small arms, gear, transport are a contrast to MoD fed Armed Forces. This again has to do with the integration of IPS officers in MHA, in contrast MoD does not allow for similar embedding of uniformed military officers, causing heartburn.

The double standard of the MoD between civilian generalists and uniformed military Servicemen is glaring.

The MoD has been plagued with bribery in every major defence purchase. It has seen a delay in almost every buy or make decision, usually becoming the former, after wasting decades in taxpayer money, and defence preparedness, in trying make.

The Indian soldier today fights without a contemporary Rifle, or modern helmets or personal body armour. Indian ammunition is known to fail and suspect!

An elite Rashtriya Rifles (RR) Trooper, equipped with an East European AK cloned assault rifle with a fixed butt, when sees a CAPF Trooper with another similar Rifle but with a folding butt, finds the contrast, very noticeable.

This is a cause for dysfunction in fighting asymmetric warfare, close fighting tactics failure, and lack of pride and confidence in equipment. It is also one of the reasons for lack of quality hiring in the AFs, besides loss of status, equivalence and pay.

Information Warfare - MoD Inability to Respond to Social Media Response Turnarounds

The inability of the MoD bureaucracy to process information quickly in the day-to-day Social Media (SM) battle is the other dangerous subtext.

The Army, whose communication is vetted by the MoD is unable to respond to the hype cycle effectively given the obsolete processes employed between it and MoD for information flow.

The top Generals including the Army Chief are poor communicators when fronted to MSM. Their lack of gravitas does huge injustice to the brave officers, men and women, who serve under them, with valour, bravery and professionalism.

The resulting information vacuum is filled by active disinformation from scamp Kashmiri, NE media, and Pakistan' ISPR fed baloney. This acts as a force multiplier, given the unnecessary secrecy, paucity of official comment, and intellectual bankruptcy of MSM, that feeds of SM stories, as hard information, which may or may not be so.

The Problem of Peacenik Posture, Nehruvian Restraint: Analysis Paralysis :

There is a certain schizophrenia that afflicts the Indian establishment today.

It is based in lack of practiced skill in 4th Generation, and Asymmetric War fighting. The impostors and pretenders of the PMO, the MEA and their business end MHA and MoD advisers, divorced from the fighting man, have run out of solutions and imagination.

Nehruvian Restraint is based on a calculated apathy, for the lives of Indian Citizens, civilian and soldier.

For the family on the LoC and IB, and for the soldier on the fence, being shot at by snipers, or being peppered with machine gun fire, and shrapnel from Mortar Bombs are all too real and coloured in red. These simple, patriotic people can not begin to understand the apathy of grey politics and turf wars of the politicians and bureaucracy, that they democratically chose every five years, to run India.

They don't give a damn, how Pakistan or the world sees it. Or if it gets international coverage, if they are at risk, bleeding, harrased or being violated on this Government's watch. We might as well disband the Army and shut down the private armies of MHA, if they can't protect civilians, soldiers.

Solutions not Problems:

Hit them back, not calibrated and in reaction. Harder, and by surprise. Overt or covert, economic or diplomatic. Whatever it takes to stem the aggression.

There are enough people to define the problem, but none with a solution. India has the 3rd largest standing professional Army in the world, with an outstanding record. A Nuclear power that has been the epitome of responsibility sometimes, bordering on dogma and impotence.

If they come across, the LoC, in violation of border protocol, and ceasefire violation, then to limit and stop own troops is stupidity.

If they come across, we go across, in active pursuit, raid the terrorist camps, assassinate the leadership, and the funders! Offense is the best defence. Whatever it takes to safeguard Indian lives and national security!

Fighting & Exposing Enemy Propaganda

What is the media for? Finessing the rape of the Indian economy by subsidy profligacy? Is it only for Hindu Terror canards? And anti-Modi sledging? Whose job is it to fight the infowar, in print, on TV, and in social media.

Unfortunately for the obedience of the AF, the cliché about, what they won has always been lost on the talking table, by crooked politicians, and the feckless sycophant bureaucrats, is true.

Finally it is worth mentioning here that the Neta and Babu intrigue is not possible to perpetrate without, their stooges in the AF, who for fear or favour, implement poison pill orders.

They do dirt to the Honour, Loyalty and Legacy of veterans gone on ahead, and those who will follow, long after them.

Lead, follow or get out of the way!

The successive tenures of the Congress led UPA have been lined with milestones of security abdication, both internal and external.

If you don't have it in you as a Government, as a Cabinet, leave the chair, the entitlement, and the fancy cars with beacons.

It is unacceptable to cheapen lives of Indian citizens. Those who live in India's borders from Jammu to Ladakh, and Arunachal, Assam to Manipur, are no less citizens of India. They too need to be protected like citizens of India, who bleed in 26/11 and Parliament House Attacks.

The Government should resign if it is unable or unwilling. The Republic of India is nobody's kingdom.

Friday, 11 October 2013

Sad Poem of a Sunk Boat and Fauji Families

We lost some fine men, both officers and sailors, in a tragic accident recently. This poignant piece has been written on behalf of a month old baby girl of one of our officers. It would be a pity if it is not shared with as many people as we can. This is the sentiment of a true 'Fauji" family who battle on, soon to be relegated to an obscure corner of naval history. "God and soldier we alike adore, in times of danger not before.The danger past and all conflicts righted, God is forgotten and the soldier slighted"
read on......

The sound of a blast, shook my heart
And lit up the calm midnight sea
Without a warning, that burning boat
Took you, my Daddy, away from me

I would’ve done all I could to save you
I wish I was a little stronger
At one month of age, my fingers still curled
I wish you had stayed a little longer

Your friends come by & take me in their arms
And say you have a soul that can never die
I smile at each one of them and reply
I know and so, I will not cry

Rest in Peace they say? Well, I won’t let you
For there is a lot of me that you have to see
Every turn, every crawl, every step I take
Right there beside me you’ll have to be

You won’t miss a moment you didn’t intend to
My first day at school, my first bruised knee
I know I’ll cry and why not? I’m a girl
Yet you are the first person I will look up to see

A Submariner, a Fighter, a Patriot
Thank You Daddy, we are a proud family
Knowing your ashes blended with the metal of your boat
You are a legend in the eyes of Mommy and me

I will imagine you proudly wrapped in the tri-colour
As every gun salute shakes me up a little
All your friends will step up to give you a final salute
But your flame will keep burning in this monsoon drizzle

I will bid you a smiling and joyous Good bye
But when I’m alone I know I’ll shed a silent tear
I will close my eyes & hope against hope
That when I open my eyes, you will be here…..

Thursday, 3 October 2013

India: Incursion, Insurgency, Covert War and Nation Building

Indian security, both internal and external is in shambles. Incursions and insurgencies are being fomented. The central theme is India's failure at fighting these fights at both fronts.

Till India fight on the defensive. This will continue.

We commit men, resources building a wall, not only against enemy but snow, erosion, and flood. Hunkered down, while the enemy has the initiative, we always react.

Asymmetric warfare can not be fought by conventional warfare. Until, we have men who understand, practice, and threaten covert war against China, and its proxy, in Pakistan, they will keep coming at us, within, and at our borders, and at world fora at large.

This is an existentialist fight of 3 civilizations, of which two have armies aligned with ideology. India is the odd one out, the experimental democracy that Nehruvian, Oxbridge Socialism turned into a family led Kleptocracy, dependent on subnationalism, religion to cast, region to language, race to colour to keep it afloat.

India is headed towards balkanization, because it is shy of the shadow of its own strength. Rhetoric rules over realpolitik. We celebrate Gandhi not Shastri, or Patel. We eulogise Nehru, Indira and Rajiv, but not Narsimha Rao.

The dysfunction of McCaulay's bastard children, and apologetics of the Mughal Empire, will not allow the integration of the Republic.

Populations are being transformed, ethnic transformation is a fact, through birthrates and illegal immigration. We seem headed to another partition.

Governance, Judiciary, Economy, Police Reform, Homeland Security, Intelligence gathering, sharing, and collation, all are in need of urgent reinvention, by process and legislation. The basic premise is failing, we forgot nation building somewhere along the way here.

Friday, 27 September 2013

Samba Cross Border Raid. Bloody Theatre & Chatterati


Dead Pakistani Fidayeen Attackers
As the Samba raid becomes bloody history, death tolls out of the way, the chattering classes are back, some with candles, some looking inwards, in the innate Indian fatalism, others singing paens to a Colonel and Soldiers killed and in infamy, at an Army Mess.

The same old puerile television debates, spittle spewing experts, feckless politicians and rude interrupts by impolite anchors with proclivity to speak more than they wish to hear.
And then, social media, occasional brilliance, but mostly demented jingoism and the sporadic Indian search for elusive heroes, and abdication leaders, usually resurfacing like acne, after terror theatre, bloody and Pakistani, except the dead are all ours. Men in uniform, wailing families and ambulance chasers.

The inevitability of the discussions shifting to options before India: A shameless Prime Minister, a shameless Chief Minister, a shameless Congress peddling sanctimonious statements given its Muslim votebank.

Why has the Army not been able to secure its facilities? Did the sentry latch on to breach, ddid he fire? Why are there no cameras? Why was there no alarm from the Police Station attack, in the area? Why were the attackers able to hold off a SF unit for so long? Did we need area weapons, Tank Fire to reduce our own tactical casualties? Why was there a media vacuum? Why were crews allowed to film casualties, ambulances, why allow media reporting of bloody theatre? Why? No answers!

And there's Modi, there has to be a Modi, ticking off the right bullet points, pressing all the right buttons, to what looks like a BJP juggernaut to Prime Ministership, if there was such a term.
The inward looking analysts say, India should tighten its belt. The Pakistani diva, says, Indian retribution will bring a spiral of reprisals.

From a soggy sarcastic: 'Yes, let's disband the Army. So what if the Pakistani sewer of blood, sectarian hate, flows into India? .'

To an angry: 'I say get them in their houses, and their beds, overt, covert, targeted killings of planners, diplomatic, economic, thoko saalo ko (hit the...), everytime there is a cross border stunt.'

Then the argumentative Indian's inner monologue surfaces, smearing walls on Facebook and Twitter, on Google+ and blogsphere:

'Works quite well with the 1000 cuts doctrine, doesnt it? Where is the initiative in guarding a unguardable fence? Not only does it lose the element of surprise, and initiative, it creates an environment where manpower is hunkered down and expended looking for ghosts.'

'Even with electronic surveillance, given topgraphy or sea ingress, economical and focussed to go for the epicentres.

'Nuclear sabre rattling is the umbrella under which, asymmetrical warfare is being perpetrated. Kargil disproved the nuclear blackmail. 26/11 didn't.'

More back and forth with the Pakistani Diva:

'We are held back by America till they withdraw, but blame must be apportioned to India political leadership for inability to wield the spear, and make its population safe by making punitive retribution a certainty.'

'We cheapen Indian lives, both in uniform and outside by second guessing and unnecessary self doubt. Sometimes, there is no valour in discretion. Offense is the best defence.'

The Pakistani analyst threatens Nuclear Destruction, any pretense tongue in cheek long discarded.
Inner Monologue responds:

'Nothing happens. It is made to happen. The notion that India is defenceless against cross border raids is a bogey, much before partition, much before the British Empire. Even after 1948, through the wars, down to yesterday's bloody theatre, means are not the constraint, our nihilistic leadership is!'

'Unlike, Pakistan we are not a failed state with an Army. Things are better on the fence, thanks to our Israeli friends, and no thanks to snow, floods and landslides. Shepherds and gatherers will find a way through, and so will others behind them, on our side of the LC or yours.'

'Strategically, it swamps resources to only be defensive. And it is presumption to think, India is offered protection by the US, or it needs such protection.'

'We know Central Asia as well as anyone, and the big game isnt new either. We fear the Chinese more, but soon Pakistan will stop being a proxy, as the Good, Bad Taliban cocks come home to roost. Of course, we need deep strike and mobile corps, but that is another discussion.'

The rant won't be satisfied, rapid parting kicks that ends in a question, to Pakistani Diva:

'And I may argue, that it is the US, that spawned the Frankenstein in Afghanistan. Pakistan saw a gravy train but ended up corroding its own polity.'

'Musharraf's second acquiescence was a bigger blunder than the first CIA coming of the cold war Mujahideen.'

'As US leaves Afghanistan, Pakistan is holding the can. We will get the pollution, but who will reap the whirlwind, of the seeds sown by America, and the greedy, India obsessed Generals?'

Till the next episode of bloody theatre, media has to work for a living.

The families of the dead, have to get busy to find bribes to get the dues of their men, no time for letting tears dry.

The Prime Minister has to show love to Obama, media favourites have to file self congratulatory tomes in praise of foreign service babu's, and rheumy eyed Neta, the rent to be aboard Air India One.

Possible 26/11 Attack in America, Comments on Rand Report by Brian Jenkins to US Congress

The primary assumption in this report takes for granted that Pakistan will remain one power centre.

It further ignores the good Taliban, bad Taliban, gambit of Pakistan Army, sold to the Obama Administration, in Afghanistan.

The Boston Bombing was executed by returning Muslims radicalised in Jihad theatres.

Reports of at least 3 US nationals who were involved in Nairobi Mall attack and several Caucasian western men (and now women), non-Arab, non-Asian fighting Jihad in multiple theatres has been ignored here.

Finally, David Headley, who went back and forth between US, India and Pakistan while working both for America and Lashkar-e-Taiba doing surveillance for terror targets in India, and Europe.

And finally, a US forked tongue on Indian lives lost to terrorism, will have consequences, just as it has for Pakistan, apparent in the Naval Airbase attack, as well as the killing of a General Officer of Pakistan Army in IED attack in FATA.

Clearly the pre 9/11 mindset has returned to US strategic lexicon, given Obama Administration scuttle of US effort in Afghanistan, without mitigation of underlying environment fertile for terrorism as a global business in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The original Jihad Frankenstein created by the US to contain Russia in Afghanistan already has shown dire consequence, within the US, and its locations and interests outside:

"India’s government accused Pakistani authorities of being complicit in the Mumbai attack, but Pakistan has different rules for dealing with India than for other nations.  Defendants in three of the jihadist cases in the United States since 9/11 had connections to Lashkar-e-Taiba, but they were not plotting to carry out attacks in the United States.  A major terrorist attack on the United States that could be traced back to Lashkar-e-Taiba or any other Pakistan-based group obviously would have serious consequences for Pakistan. "

The Threat of a Mumbai-Style Terrorist Attack in the United States:

Testimony submitted before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence on June 12, 2013.

http://m.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT391.html

Tuesday, 7 May 2013

InfoWar Lessons from PLA LAC Violation in Ladakh

The Chinese LAC violation in Ladakh has been discussed threadbare. Doves, hawks, fence sitters, all have had a go, with cliched results. The Indian media has been predictable in its herd stories, reproducing mindless official statements, when and if, they arrived, verbatim, without application of mind or intellect. Or asking inconvenient questions, the lifeblood of good strategic journalism.

India's muscular response in Sumdorong Chu was far more practiced and coherent, than the squatting by PLA in the windswept Depsang Flats, in DBO. Sumdorong Chu yielded results! This was not under the current media glare in SSN/DBO. Nor did it face social media whiplash! Yet somehow, it delivered the background desirable for Indian foreign policy goals. 

The full rollout of Operation Falcon still not sanctioned by the Indian Government must be implemented in all its facets, lessons learnt must be put to use in other such sectors, seeing such skirmishing and LAC violations by the PLA.

In direct contrast to Sumdorong Chu and the Zimithang Brigade level Airlift in response to a similar Chinese incursion, in DBO, the payload of the Chinese was not in the violation of LAC but in Information Warfare. 

The fear struck UPA from MEA, to the NSA pretender in PMO, as well as the Military hating Saint in the MoD, all sat quiet, paralysed in silent geriatric freakout, for a week into the media exposure of the PLA violation, 19Kms into the Indian side of the LAC. 

The Social Media on the other hand had a field day, keeping the generally pet print and broadcast media honest in their gravy train reporting. From Politicians, to bureaucrats in the MEA, MoD and MHA, as well as the NSA Office in the PMO, all were hauled over coals, for sins of commission or omission. 

This is the information age, and the age of information warfare, and the age of social media, where burying your head in sand, long practiced by the pigeons, both in mandarins and politicians, conditioned by a Nehruvian Socialism, and its crusty Strategic Restraint Doctrine, that simply does not work anymore, nor does it make the Chinese cat go away.

As India's strategic leadership buried their heads in sand, Beijing used the characteristic, PLA refined, Red Banner pictorial imagery to seed messaging, which was lapped up greedily by the information vacuum afflicted Indian media. 

This was classic psychological warfare fuelling India's fear psychosis against China, post 1962 a regular relapse, despite the better equipped, trained and battle tested Indian Armed Forces. 

The Indian Army Chief has lost face due a very recent statement, where he was gratuitous in proffering that China was not a threat. The PLA came in, all of a platoon, and made India dismantle its Chumar border post, used to surveil the Karakoram Highway. 

The Indian government submitted, agreed to a self-injurious moratorium on sharing movement of Indian border patrols, while seeking to spin the necessity as a virtue to the home grown and pliable Indian press. 

It grovelled for Chinese complicity in official statements on the 'deal' in DBO, and without an escalation or even firing a shot. It was Checkmate. Game Over! 

The fallout from the Indian strategic establishment's sudden death at DBO has placed an unnecessary burden on Indian border patrols in the sector meant to check such intrusions through an element of surprise, already hard to achieve in such inhospitable windswept high altitude desert border areas. 

This is especially harmful to Indian security preparedness along the LAC, and unfathomably, self defeating given the Chinese military build-up. With metalled roads and airfields, armour, logistics right at the Chinese side of the intentionally vague LAC.

India's submission at DBO, has further put under a cloud India's border infrastructure buildup effort. From roads, to airfields, bunkers to defences, supply lines and other valid military preparedness on the Indian side of the LAC has all become vulnerable to random Chinese protest, while their own border defences continue unhindered.

As a corollary, the treatment of Ladakh and Arunachal as vassal states must stop. The blacking out of bad news and hiding of border intrusions, skirmishes, under the pretext of not rocking the boat must be exposed. 

The next External Affairs Minister of India must be from Ladakh and a Buddhist, so the, 'not in my backyard', mentality of India's politico-bureaucrat complex can be cured. 

The choking of development funds by Islamist Srinagar to Buddhist, Ladakh, including Zanskar (under Kargil Administrative District), must be exposed and overturned. The road beyond Kargil, from Padum (in Zanskar) to Chilling is being built for the last 30 years! These people deserve better from the Indian Union for their loyalty and fortitude.

As a key lesson, MHA turf warfare must be curbed with an iron fist, and its proclivity for private armies must be shown a hard stop. ITBP has proven both under equipped and badly trained for a border skirmish. It must either be disbanded or placed under the Operational command of the Army. 

Other MHA funded outfits like the Assam Rifles and NSG' SAG too are integrated into the Army, so the business end of things remains within the Army ethos, and unity of command is not compromised, when push comes to shove, as it did in Depsang Flats, in DBO, Ladakh.

India was caught napping, again, and as lessons go, if anything, surveillance, by aggressive use of ELINT by Aircraft, Satellite, Drones, and Human Patrols, and border infrastructure effort must be doubled in speed and resources. This after all is not Siachen, where India has arguably done a better job, despite the adverse weather conditions and air only supply logistics.

There is no economic security without territorial security. The bluff of Nehruvian Strategic Restraint has been called yet again! It may be time to use hard power in continuation of foreign policy and territorial sovereignty goals by India, else we should disband the Indian Army and allow the balkanisation of the Indian State.

Addition on Thu 9 May:  Zanskar is a part of Ladakh region, administratively under Kargil District.

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